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Cyber Security : Tools and Techniques

Updated: Mar 21

The world is more dependent on technology than ever before because of the proliferation of digital data. No matter how big or small, every organization needs cyber security professionals skilled at cyber security tools and strategies. Currently, no organization can escape cyber threats and security issues without an expert cyber security team. Out of the ten most targeted countries by cyber attackers, India ranks in the 3rd. So in this article, we will learn about cyber security, its tools and techniques, and its application to us as a society.

Cyber security is a way to protect networks, systems from unauthorized access to data, identity theft, and other cyber-attacks with the help of various cyber security tools. Cyber security refers to the process of ensuring integrity, confidentiality, and access to information (ICA), also called information security.


Cyber security is a growing problem in today's digital world. Every organization needs specific network security solutions to protect against growing cyber threats. Various cybersecurity features, including app security, information security, network security, are required to provide security from many cyber threats that take the form of Ransomware, Malware, and much more. Therefore, cyber security tools play a vital role when it comes to the protection of sensitive and confidential information. In addition to protecting the integrity ofassets from external exploitation, network security offers many other benefits, such as controlling network traffic, improving network performance, gaining customer trust, and ensuring securedata sharing between data sources and employees. The global organizations are turning to cyber-focused security, which provides insight into how the end-user communicates with the data and extends security control across all systems where the data resides.


(1) Network Security - Network security protects network traffic by controlling incoming and outgoing connections to prevent threats from entering the network.

(2) Data Loss Prevention (DLP) - Protects data by focusing on location, monitoring information at rest, use and movement.

(3) Cloud Security - Cloud security protects data used in cloud-based services and applications.

(4) Antivirus and Anti-Malware Software - This software protects the organization from a range of malicious software such as ransomware, worms, and trojans, etc. Nowadays, this software is also able to detect threats that were previously unknown depending on their behavior.

(5) Virtual Private Networks (VPNs) - Virtual Private Networks (VPNs) make network connections from another storage location or site. For example - users working from home would connect to an organization's network via a VPN.

(6) Intrusion Control Systems (IPS) - This system constantly monitors and analyzes network traffic/packets, to detect various types of attacks and respond quickly. This program regularly maintains a database of known attack methods for fast detection.


1. AIRCRACK-NG - Aircrack-ng is fully integrated network software designed to improve overall network security. Enables users to retrieve data packets connected to the monitoring network regularly.

2. FORCEPOINT - Forcepoint is a custom security tool designed specifically for cloud users. This tool is helpful to define network security, prevent users from accessing certain content, and block various login attempts.

3. WIRESHARK - Wireshark is open-source software that can accurately analyze network policies and improve security in real-time. It is an indispensable tool used to identify and scan network packets to detect critical problems.

4. KALI LINUX - This tool includes 600 pre-installed software research programs. The most common feature of Kali Linux is that all types of users, from experience to newbies, can use it to strengthen their network security.

5. TOR - Tor, a useful cyber security tool that ensures the user is anonymous. It provides privacy to users while using the Internet, making it difficult to access their personal information or identity online.

6. OSSEC - OSSEC is a free program for cyber security experts. It is one of the most popular programs for the detection and prevention of intrusion. The tool is compatible with various platforms like Linux, Mac, and Windows, and therefore it is helpful for users.

7. TCPDUMP - TCPDUMP is one of the most efficient security tools used to monitor and access TCP / IP traffic connected to a network.

8. BURP SUITE - Burp is a high-tech suite of cyber security tools suitable for error correction and security testing. It is used to scan networks, detect sensitive vulnerabilities, and improve network security. It is good security software for businesses.

9. NIKTO - Originally introduced in the early 20000s, Nikto is a powerful, command-line tool that helps detect vulnerabilities in web applications, services, and web servers. It has features such as built-in support for SSL proxies and intrusion detection systems, etc.

10. MALWAREBYTES - Malware bytes is an advanced network security tool used to protect your system from malicious websites, malware, and other threats. On average, this tool detects and blocks more than 8,000,000 threats every day. Malware byte adds multi-line protection to our system, making it an excellent security tool for homes and offices.


A few of the tools mentioned above will help us keep our data safe; avoid cyber-attacks, and much more. But there are other strategies for better performance, such as -

(a) Keep the software up to date

(b) Use of anti-virus protection & firewall

(c) Use of strong passwords and password management tools

(d) Use two-factor or multiple-factor authentication

Learn about Phishing scams like - fraudulent emails, fraud messages, calls, etc.


Our network faces threats of many kinds, and thus we should be prepared to respond as well as defend it. The network plays a major role in internal company processes, and when they come under attack, those processes may grind to a halt, hampering the ability to conduct business or even resume standard operations and thus many of the customers are likely to withdraw in favor of more secure alternatives. Cyber security tools and devices exist not only to help us secure our sensitive information, but also its overall performance, reputation, etc.


Cyber security is one of the most crucial aspects of this growing digital world. It is beneficial for us to learn how to defend ourselves from any kind of cyber-attacks. This article teaches us how to do it. The threats of cyber security are hard to deny, and so it is crucial to learn each and every step consciously.

To learn more about such concepts and practical case scenarios, give this book a read...Read Now

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